Health, income and poverty: evidence from China's rural household survey
Zhou, Yang1,2,3; Guo, Yuanzhi1,2; Liu, Yansui1,2,3
Corresponding AuthorZhou, Yang(zhouyang@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractBackground Understanding the health status of the poor households and the influence of unhealthy on their income can provide some vital insights into the effectiveness and appropriateness of poverty reduction solutions. Methods Based on a nationwide cross-sectional survey of 29,712 rural poor households, this study systematically investigated the causes of poverty and health status of Chinese rural poor households, and revealed the relationship between health, income and poverty. Results The health status of the rural poor in China is not optimistic, with 51.63% attributing their poverty to the illness of household members. NCDs are the biggest health threat to the rural poor in China. Over 60% of all the households have at least one patient and more than a quarter of the households with patients cannot afford expensive medical expenses. Although 98% of all the households participate in China's a rural health insurance system - the New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme - 16% are still unable to bear their medical expenses after reimbursement from the scheme. Further, high altitude, ill-health and low-income are interlinked and mutually reinforcing. The per capita net income of poor households was inversely proportional to the altitude of their places of residence, family aging and unhealthy status, but was positively correlated with the number of workforces in their families. Conclusions Poverty due to illness is one of the root causes of rural poverty in China. With the backward medical infrastructure in high altitude areas, people are more prone to fall into the vicious circle of poverty-unhealthy-low income-poverty. The establishment of effective long-term mechanism of disease prevention and intervention is an important prerequisite to enhance the endogenous development power of the poor and reduce poverty.
KeywordHealth status Poverty alleviation Health intervention Poor households Rural China
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectNatural Science Foundation of China[41931293] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[41471143] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[41601172] ; Certificate of China Postdoctoral Science Foundation[2016 M591105]
Funding OrganizationNatural Science Foundation of China ; Certificate of China Postdoctoral Science Foundation
WOS Research AreaPublic, Environmental & Occupational Health
WOS SubjectPublic, Environmental & Occupational Health
WOS IDWOS:000521432100001
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Cited Times:6[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorZhou, Yang
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Reg Sustainable Dev Modeling, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Zhou, Yang,Guo, Yuanzhi,Liu, Yansui. Health, income and poverty: evidence from China's rural household survey[J]. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR EQUITY IN HEALTH,2020,19(1):12.
APA Zhou, Yang,Guo, Yuanzhi,&Liu, Yansui.(2020).Health, income and poverty: evidence from China's rural household survey.INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR EQUITY IN HEALTH,19(1),12.
MLA Zhou, Yang,et al."Health, income and poverty: evidence from China's rural household survey".INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR EQUITY IN HEALTH 19.1(2020):12.
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