Health, income and poverty: evidence from China’s rural household survey
Zhou,Yang1,2,3; Guo,Yuanzhi1,2; Liu,Yansui1,2,3
Source PublicationInternational Journal for Equity in Health
Corresponding AuthorZhou,Yang(zhouyang@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractAbstractBackgroundUnderstanding the health status of the poor households and the influence of unhealthy on their income can provide some vital insights into the effectiveness and appropriateness of poverty reduction solutions.MethodsBased on a nationwide cross-sectional survey of 29,712 rural poor households, this study systematically investigated the causes of poverty and health status of Chinese rural poor households, and revealed the relationship between health, income and poverty.ResultsThe health status of the rural poor in China is not optimistic, with 51.63% attributing their poverty to the illness of household members. NCDs are the biggest health threat to the rural poor in China. Over 60% of all the households have at least one patient and more than a quarter of the households with patients cannot afford expensive medical expenses. Although 98% of all the households participate in China’s a rural health insurance system - the New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme - 16% are still unable to bear their medical expenses after reimbursement from the scheme. Further, high altitude, ill-health and low-income are interlinked and mutually reinforcing. The per capita net income of poor households was inversely proportional to the altitude of their places of residence, family aging and unhealthy status, but was positively correlated with the number of workforces in their families.ConclusionsPoverty due to illness is one of the root causes of rural poverty in China. With the backward medical infrastructure in high altitude areas, people are more prone to fall into the vicious circle of poverty-unhealthy-low income-poverty. The establishment of effective long-term mechanism of disease prevention and intervention is an important prerequisite to enhance the endogenous development power of the poor and reduce poverty.
KeywordHealth status Poverty alleviation Health intervention Poor households Rural China
WOS IDBMC:10.1186/s12939-020-1121-0
PublisherBioMed Central
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Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorZhou,Yang
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhou,Yang,Guo,Yuanzhi,Liu,Yansui. Health, income and poverty: evidence from China’s rural household survey[J]. International Journal for Equity in Health,2020,19(1).
APA Zhou,Yang,Guo,Yuanzhi,&Liu,Yansui.(2020).Health, income and poverty: evidence from China’s rural household survey.International Journal for Equity in Health,19(1).
MLA Zhou,Yang,et al."Health, income and poverty: evidence from China’s rural household survey".International Journal for Equity in Health 19.1(2020).
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