Sun Zhenzhong1; Chen Anping2; Ma Junhua1; He Chune1; Ouyang Zhu1; Tian Zhenrong1
Source Publicationjournalofplantecology
AbstractAims Understanding the effect of long-term fertilization on the sensitivity of grain yield to temperature changes is critical for accurately assessing the impact of global warming on crop production. In this study, we aim to assess the impacts of temperature changes on grain yields of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under different fertilization treatments in a long-term manipulative experiment in North China. Methods We measured grain yields of winter wheat under four fertilization treatments at the Yucheng Comprehensive Experimental Station each year from 1993 to 2012. We also measured air temperature at 0200, 0800, 1400 and 2000h each day since 1 January 1980. We then used the first-difference method and simple linear regression models to examine the relationship of crop yield changes to mean air temperature, mean daytime and nighttime air temperature in crop growing seasons. Important Findings We found that increases in mean daily temperature, mean daytime temperature and mean nighttime temperature each had a positive impact on the grain yield of winter wheat. Grain yield increased by 16.7-85.6% for winter wheat in response to a 1 °C increase in growing season mean daily temperature. Winter wheat yield was more sensitive to variations of nighttime temperature than to that of daytime temperature. The observed temperature impacts also varied across different fertilization treatments. Balanced fertilization significantly enhanced grain yields for winter wheat under a warming climate. Wheat plots treated with nitrogen and phosphorous balanced fertilization (NPK- and NP-treated plots) were more responsive to temperature changes than those without. This report provides direct evidence of how temperature change impacts grain yields under different fertilization treatments, which is useful for crop management in a changing global climate.
Document Type期刊论文
First Author Affilication中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Sun Zhenzhong,Chen Anping,Ma Junhua,et al. fertilizationregulatestheresponseofwheatyieldtointerannualtemperaturevariationinnorthchina[J]. journalofplantecology,2015,8(5):523.
APA Sun Zhenzhong,Chen Anping,Ma Junhua,He Chune,Ouyang Zhu,&Tian Zhenrong.(2015).fertilizationregulatestheresponseofwheatyieldtointerannualtemperaturevariationinnorthchina.journalofplantecology,8(5),523.
MLA Sun Zhenzhong,et al."fertilizationregulatestheresponseofwheatyieldtointerannualtemperaturevariationinnorthchina".journalofplantecology 8.5(2015):523.
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