Liu Xinwei1; Chen Baimin1; Zhang Dingxiang2
Source Publicationchinesegeographicalscience
AbstractEfficiency and sustainability of grain production are now important in China. In this study, the grain production systems of Jiangsu and Shaanxi Provinces were compared, to analyze their efficiency and sustainability in terms of utilization of natural resources, inputs of purchased energy and materials, and outputs. Flows of energy and materials between environment and human society were identified, and the natural and human work involved in generating inputs as materials or energy were valued in terms of equivalent amount of solar energy required for their production using emergy method. The results showed environmental resources were continually playing a less important role in the systems, when inorganic subsidiary emergy inputs increased drastically while organic ones decreased or increased little. Deterioration of input emergy structure affected the systems' efficiency and sustainability, resulting in emergy investment ratios and environmental loading ratios increasing while yield ratios and sustainability indices decreasing. In general, efficiency and sustainability of grain production in Jiangsu are worse than those in Shaanxi. This analysis also suggested that inorganic subsidiary emergy should be introduced properly, and peasants in Jiangsu should utilize natural conditions wisely while those in Shaanxi pay enough attention to soil and surface water conservation.
Funding Project[Knowledge Innovation Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences]
Document Type期刊论文
2.China Institute of Land and Surveying, Ministry of Land and Resources
First Author Affilication中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu Xinwei,Chen Baimin,Zhang Dingxiang. emergyanalysisofgrainproductionsysteminjiangsuandshaanxiprovinces[J]. chinesegeographicalscience,2004,14(3):209.
APA Liu Xinwei,Chen Baimin,&Zhang Dingxiang.(2004).emergyanalysisofgrainproductionsysteminjiangsuandshaanxiprovinces.chinesegeographicalscience,14(3),209.
MLA Liu Xinwei,et al."emergyanalysisofgrainproductionsysteminjiangsuandshaanxiprovinces".chinesegeographicalscience 14.3(2004):209.
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